1. Develop a return-to-work plan
Formally documenting the measures and procedures for bringing people back to the workplace is an essential first step, Okon says—with health and safety being the top priorities.
When creating this plan, she says business owners should look first to the relevant guidelines provided by their provincial government. The Government of Ontario, for example, published guidance in June 2020 that covers worker screening, cleaning and disinfecting surfaces, using masks in the workplace, and more.
Business owners should keep an eye on local pandemic-related statistics as well, Okon says, to see if specific health and safety measures are required in their community. Different industries may have unique requirements, she adds. “Because retail staff deal with members of the public, who may not be following the rules equally, they may need to take extra precautions. Construction workers may need to be more vigilant because they share tools, and physical distancing on the job site can be difficult.”
Asking employees what they’d like to see in the return-to-work plan is important, Okon notes. “They may have some really good ideas you haven’t considered. With their input, you can get a sense of the measures they’ll want to see to make them feel comfortable returning.”
2. Assess the readiness of your team
“Not all employees will be ready or eager to come back to the office,” Okon says. “Take a step back and try to understand what might be causing their reluctance.”
That often requires gaining a better understanding of employees’ personal circumstances, Okon notes. It could be they’re worried about their own health and safety, or that coworkers might not follow the rules. They may prefer their new routine or, if they’re caring for young children, could still need to be at home during the day, Okon points out.
With a better understanding of the underlying issues, Okon says business owners can then consider whether an employee needs to be physically present at the office or can continue to work remotely until they are ready to return.
3. Communicate and enforce your plan
Once the plan is set, the next step is to communicate it in a way everyone can understand and follow. Okon recommends following the ADKAR framework developed by the change management consultants at Prosci. ADKAR organizes the change process into five stages: Awareness, desire, knowledge, ability (to apply new skills) and reinforcement.
During the awareness-raising stage, Okon says business owners need to make a real effort to engage people. That means not just sending out a single all-staff email but actually taking the time to explain what the plan means from a practical perspective and how it applies to employees’ everyday work.
“That might take several training sessions and team meetings,” she says. “But you need to invest the effort to bring your workforce along with you.”
When implementing the plan, it is important to make it clear that it is non-negotiable, Okon says. The core principles and policies will likely need regular and consistent reinforcement—especially in terms of what they look like “in action”, how they shape people’s everyday work tasks and routines. Recognize people who follow them well—and do not hesitate to issue stern reminders if people are trying to get around the rules, Okon advises.
“Taking a strong stance boosts the confidence of those who are feeling anxious,” she says. “It shows you’re doing this not just because the government said so, but because there is a real desire to keep people safe.”
Not all employees will be ready or eager to come back to the office. Take a step back and try to understand what might be causing their reluctance.
One plan is not enough
As teams return to the workplace, Okon recommends that entrepreneurs have an additional plan in their back pockets: One that describes the process for “re-exiting” the office if there is a second wave of COVID-19.
“A second wave is a very real possibility. Think about the lessons learned back in March 2020—and what you can do to make things go much smoother if you have to do it all again.”